Friday, August 07, 2009

Economic Data That Fool Us


As I was reading Thursday's The Wall Street Journal, I came across a couple of graphs that just struck me as wrong! The first one showed private industry job losses reported by ADP Employers Services. Although the numbers were missing from the chart, I have recreated it below showing monthly job losses from July 2008 through July 2009. The story it tells is, although the most recent job losses were worse than expect, they were the fewest in 9 months.

Fair enough. That's one way of looking at it. The added pain is lessening.

But I think the real story is this:

Rather than talking about July's losses of 371,000 jobs, we can see the real picture is that we have lost nearly 6,000,000 private-industry jobs in a year. But wait, this picture is still deceiving. There is a matter of scale. The 700,000 in the top chart looks too much like the 6,000,000 in the bottom chart. So lets try again.

Click on the image for a larger view, if you wish. I think that tells the story behind the story. So much of what appears as graphed data in newspapers simply doesn't convey the real meaning of the data. I believe the above chart does.

The second chart offered a comparison of the "gap... in billions of dollars... between spending and revenue in the Waxman House bill from 2010-2029" for the Obama health care program. This chart shows annual differences.

But the real story is the cumulative gap. The data details were not shown, so once again I attempted to approximate the data for purposes of a comparative graph.

Of course, this also is a problem of graphic scaling which makes it difficult to appreciate the information being shown. Therefore, I rescaled the charts to make it a little easier for you. I kept the annual deficit chart [left] to the original scale and stretched out the cumulative deficit chart [right] so that they both used the same scale. Sorry for the miniaturization. Click the image below for a full-sized version.

Yup, that's more like it. The $188 billion in 2029 becomes a cumulative underfunding of $1.5 trillion ... that's $1,500 billion... that's $1,500,000,000,000 that has to be made up from some new sources of revenue. And guess where that is. Of course, that is based on a conservative estimate of spending only twice as much as the revenues from the program.

Here are just two examples of how we fail to grasp the significance of data because of the way the data are presented.

Here is another...Global Warming - It's How You Say It
and here Global Warming - A Clearer Perspective

It's not intentional lying; it's just presenting information in a way that hides the truth.


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CO2 Cap and Trade

There is always an easy solution to every human problem—neat, plausible, and wrong.
Henry Louis Mencken (1880–1956)
“The Divine Afflatus,” A Mencken Chrestomathy, chapter 25, p. 443 (1949)
... and one could add "not all human problems really are."
It was beautiful and simple, as truly great swindles are.
- O. Henry
... The Government is on course for an embarrassing showdown with the European Union, business groups and environmental charities after refusing to guarantee that billions of pounds of revenue it stands to earn from carbon-permit trading will be spent on combating climate change.
The Independent (UK)

Tracking Interest Rates

Tracking Interest Rates


SEARCH BLOG: FEDERAL RESERVE for full versions... or use the Blog Archive pulldown menu.

February 3, 2006
Go back to 1999-2000 and see what the Fed did. They are following the same pattern for 2005-06. If it ain't broke, the Fed will fix it... and good!
August 29, 2006 The Federal Reserve always acts on old information... and is the only cause of U.S. recessions.
December 5, 2006 Last spring I wrote about what I saw to be a sharp downturn in the economy in the "rustbelt" states, particularly Michigan.
March 28, 2007
The Federal Reserve sees no need to cut interest rates in the light of adverse recent economic data, Ben Bernanke said on Wednesday.
The Fed chairman said ”to date, the incoming data have supported the view that the current stance of policy is likely to foster sustainable economic growth and a gradual ebbing in core inflation”.

July 21, 2007 My guess is that if there is an interest rate change, a cut is more likely than an increase. The key variables to be watching at this point are real estate prices and the inventory of unsold homes.
August 11, 2007 I suspect that within 6 months the Federal Reserve will be forced to lower interest rates before housing becomes a black hole.
September 11, 2007 It only means that the overall process has flaws guaranteeing it will be slow in responding to changes in the economy... and tend to over-react as a result.
September 18, 2007 I think a 4% rate is really what is needed to turn the economy back on the right course. The rate may not get there, but more cuts will be needed with employment rates down and foreclosure rates up.
October 25, 2007 How long will it be before I will be able to write: "The Federal Reserve lowered its lending rate to 4% in response to the collapse of the U.S. housing market and massive numbers of foreclosures that threaten the banking and mortgage sectors."
"Should the elevated turbulence persist, it would increase the possibility of further tightening in financial conditions for households and businesses," he said.

"Uncertainties about the economic outlook are unusually high right now," he said. "These uncertainties require flexible and pragmatic policymaking -- nimble is the adjective I used a few weeks ago."

December 11, 2007 Somehow the Fed misses the obvious.
[Image from:]
December 13, 2007 [from The Christian Science Monitor]
"The odds of a recession are now above 50 percent," says Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's "We are right on the edge of a recession in part because of the Fed's reluctance to reduce interest rates more aggressively." [see my comments of September 11]
January 7, 2008 The real problem now is that consumers can't rescue the economy and manufacturing, which is already weakening, will continue to weaken. We've gutted the forces that could avoid a downturn. The question is not whether there will be a recession, but can it be dampened sufficiently so that it is very short.
January 11, 2008 This is death by a thousand cuts.
January 13, 2008 [N.Y. Times]
“The question is not whether we will have a recession, but how deep and prolonged it will be,” said David Rosenberg, the chief North American economist at Merrill Lynch. “Even if the Fed’s moves are going to work, it will not show up until the later part of 2008 or 2009.
January 17, 2008 A few days ago, Anna Schwartz, nonagenarian economist, implicated the Federal Reserve as the cause of the present lending crisis [from the Telegraph - UK]:
The high priestess of US monetarism - a revered figure at the Fed - says the central bank is itself the chief cause of the credit bubble, and now seems stunned as the consequences of its own actions engulf the financial system. "The new group at the Fed is not equal to the problem that faces it," she says, daring to utter a thought that fellow critics mostly utter sotto voce.
January 22, 2008 The cut has become infected and a limb is in danger. Ben Bernanke is panicking and the Fed has its emergency triage team cutting rates... this time by 3/4%. ...

What should the Federal Reserve do now? Step back... and don't be so anxious to raise rates at the first sign of economic improvement.
Individuals and businesses need stability in their financial cost structures so that they can plan effectively and keep their ships afloat. Wildly fluctuating rates... regardless of what the absolute levels are... create problems. Either too much spending or too much fear. It's just not that difficult to comprehend. Why has it been so difficult for the Fed?

About Me

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Michigan, United States
Air Force (SAC) captain 1968-72. Retired after 35 years of business and logistical planning, including running a small business. Two sons with advanced degrees; one with a business and pre-law degree. Beautiful wife who has put up with me for 4 decades. Education: B.A. (Sociology major; minors in philosopy, English literature, and German) M.S. Operations Management (like a mixture of an MBA with logistical planning)